Bitternut Hickory prefers deep, moist well-drained soils, but is often found in drier conditions. Full sun, partial sun/shade, full shade
The bitternut hickory is a large deciduous tree, growing up to 35 m (115 ft) tall (exceptionally to 47 m or 154 ft), with a trunk up to 1 m (3 ft 3 in) diameter. It is closely related to the pecan, sharing similar leaf shape and being classified in the same section of the genus Carya sect. Apocarya, but unlike the pecan, it does not have edible nuts.